Friday, May 30, 2014

Intrapersonal communication

Over a period of time from my work places, co-workers and people, I have met there
have been a few that "Talk to themselves." Really it's not stupid or crazy it's just a
commutation tool we use. I remember a 90's college video about it.
It was a interesting video to see for the times.

Overall it's just a way to hear yourself in a second person in a logical suffering
point of view, like taking a test. You are more able to put the pieces together
talking it out, than not!

~~~~Intrapersonal communication
Although successful communication is generally defined as being between two or more
individuals, issues concerning the useful nature of intrapersonal communication made some
argue that this definition is too narrow but to some extent it is also communication since
there is an exchange of message within yourself.

In Communication: The Social Matrix of Psychiatry, Jurgen Ruesch and Gregory Bateson
argue that interpersonal communication is indeed a special case of interpersonal
communication, as "dialogue is the foundation for all discourse."

Intrapersonal communication can encompass:

Speaking aloud (talking to oneself), reading aloud, repeating what one hears; the
additional activities of speaking and hearing (in the third case of hearing again)
what one thinks, reads or hears may increase concentration and retention.
This is considered normal, and the extent to which it occurs varies from person
to person. The time when there should be concern is when talking to oneself occurs
outside of socially acceptable situations.

Internal monologue, the semi-constant internal monologue one has with oneself
at a conscious or semi-conscious level.

Writing (by hand, or with a word processor, etc.) one's thoughts or observations:
the additional activities, on top of thinking, of writing and reading back may again
increase self-understanding ("How do I know what I mean until I see what I say?")
and concentration. It aids ordering one's thoughts; in addition it produces a record
that can be used later again. Copying text to aid memorizing, and note taking also
falls in this category

Writing need not be limited to words in a natural or even formal language.
Doodling also falls into this category. Children may be communicating
intrapersonally when they doodle and adults sometimes argue that they do...

Making gestures while thinking: the additional activity, on top of thinking, of
body motions, may again increase concentration, assist in problem solving,
and assist memory.

 ~~~~Talking to Yourself: A Sign of Sanity
Outer dialogue. Having trouble with making a decision? Should you stay or
should you go? Speak up or stay silent? Buy this gift or that gift? Choices aren’t easy.
Indeed, because they’re so difficult, we often don’t really make a choice; we respond
impulsively from habit or anxiety. It’s much more effective, however, to create a dialogue
with yourself so that you can hear what you think. “I want to stay because of xxxx
but I want to go because of yyyy. I’m clearly ambivalent. Nevertheless, l need to figure
out which decision to make. Time to have an interesting dialogue with myself and see
which way the wind is blowing.” Having such a dialogue can assist you in making
a commendable compromise or a workable conciliation between your wants, your
needs and others’ expectations.

 ~~~~Talking to yourself makes you smarter
Talking to yourself is the preserve of mad men, right? Not according to a new
study, which reveals that the seemingly irrational act of chatting to oneself
actually improves cognitive function.

The research, carried out by Gary Lupyan and Daniel Swingley, was inspired
the pair's experiences of seeing people audibly muttering to themselves when trying
to find items on supermarket shelves. To test whether speaking to oneself was actually
beneficial, Lupyan and Swingley devised a set of experiments.

In one experiment, volunteers were shown 20 pictures of everyday objects of the
same kind and asked to search out a specific one. Initially participants were shown
a piece of text telling them which object to find and left to complete the task in silence.
Then, in subsequent tests involving different objects, the participants were asked to
repeatedly say the name of the object they were searching for. Across the board, the
objects were found more quickly when participants were speaking to themselves.

In a second experiment, the volunteers were made to perform a virtual shopping
task. Here, they were presented with a wide range of objects typically found in a
supermarket, and asked to locate a particular item. Again, they performed this task
in silence and whilst talking to themselves. Again, when participants spoke to themselves
they found the object more quickly but only when they were familiar with the name.
So, repeating the word "coke" helps you zero-in cola, but muttering "RIM PlayBook"
if you've never heard of one—and who has?
won't help you find one any quicker.

~~~~Talk to Yourself? Why You're Not Crazy
Talking to yourself might not mean you are crazy it can actually benefit thinking and
perception, researchers say. People often talk to themselves most do so at least every few
days, and many report doing so on an hourly basis, scientists have said.
Although such muttering might seem irrational, past research has shown that self-directed
speech can help guide children's behavior, with kids often taking themselves step-by-step
through tasks such as tying their shoelaces, as if reminding themselves to focus on the
job at hand.

To see if talking to oneself could also help adults, psychologists conducted experiments
with volunteers who had to search for specific items. This work was inspired in part
by the researcher's own self-talk. "I'll often mutter to myself when searching for
something in the refrigerator or supermarket shelves," said researcher Gary Lupyan,
a cognitive psychologist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

In one experiment, volunteers were shown 20 pictures of various objects and
asked to look for a specific one, such as a banana. In half of the trials, participants were
asked to repeatedly say what they were looking for out loud to themselves; in the others,
they were asked to remain silent. The researchers found self-directed speech helped
people find objects more quickly by about 50 to 100 milliseconds.
(The average time it took participants to find an item was 1.2 to 2 seconds.)

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